Posted on

Short, Magazine Lee-Enfield

Effective Range: 502 m (548 yd)
Maximum Range: 2743 m (3000 yd)
Caliber: .303 inch / 7.7mm

The Short, Magazine Lee-Enfield (SMLE) Rifle was a ten round, .303” (7.7mm) bolt action rifle introduced for the British armed forces in 1904 following the Second Boer War. Prior to its introduction, British forces used small arms with black powder propellant. This generated a large plume of smoke (firing signature) upon firing which clearly revealed the firer’s position; experience against Mauser-equipped Boers revealed the importance of smokeless powder and rapid reload for modern warfare.

By 1907 the SMLE Mk III was the mainstay British Rifle. Field testing during the first months of WWI earned it a fearsome reputation at the battles of Mons and le Cateau; British soldiers were trained to deliver controlled fire of up to thirty shots a minute in a practice labelled the ‘Mad Minute’. By 1916, the SMLE Mk III production was affected by the war, leading to the development of the SMLE Mk III*, with the asterisk denoting some production shortcuts such as the omission of volley sights and magazine cutoffs.

Captured SMLE rifles were used by the Irish Volunteers, donated or sold by sympathetic British soldiers and some may have purchased their own in 1914 as this image from the NLI indicates. At the battle of Mount Street Bridge, Irish Volunteer James Grace was equipped with a Magazine Lee-Enfield (MLE) or Long Lee-Enfield rifle that he had brought from Canada. This weapon was likely produced between 1895 and 1904. The main difference between the MLE and the SMLE lay with the MLE’s slower reload rate (the SMLE could accommodate five round chargers); the MLE was also a longer rifle (12.7cm (5 in)longer).




Effective Range: 900 m (985 yd)
Maximum Range: 2000 m (2187 yd)
Caliber: 11mm

The Martini-Henry was first developed for the British Army in 1871, replacing the Snider-Enfield, a muzzle loaded rifle. A breach loaded, black powder, lever action rifle, the weapon was rendered obsolete by the development of the Lee-Metford in 1888. Despite this, the Martini-Henry and its variants continued to be used up to the Great War. The Martini-Henry, despite being a successful weapon in Britain’s colonial wars, suffered from cartridge extraction problems which wouldn’t be solved until 1920.

With the advent of the .303 round for the Lee-Metford, the Martini-Enfield variant was introduced in 1895 which could eventually house the modern 1904 smokeless ammunition. However, the Martini-Enfield was not designed to fire the newer mk VII ammunition (the grade of SMLE rifles). As stated by James Doyle in his witness statement, ‘we had very little VI and he [Reynolds] was afraid that the VII would be too heavy on our martini rifles.’ (BMH.WS0309, p.4) Sometime later, Doyle’s rifle exploded from repeated use of VII ammunition.

The Martini-Henry and Martini-Enfield rifles were issued to the Royal Irish Constabulary until 1905; it is possible that the Irish Volunteers acquired these rifles. Others were imported from the United States by sympathisers.



Mauser Gewehr 1871

Effective Range: 900 m (985 yd)
Maximum Range: 2000 m (2187 yd)
Caliber: 11mm

The Mauser Model 1871 (M/71) was the first of many firearms designed by the Mauser brothers for the Imperial German Army. It was introduced in 1871 to replace the Dreyse Needle-Gun of Franco-Prussian war fame. An single shot, black powder, bolt action rifle, the M/71 fired an 11mm cartridge. The design was improved in 1884 with the addition of an eight round integral tubual magazine and an case extractor (Mod. 1871/84). By WW1, the M/71 had been made doubly obsolete by the development of the Gewehr 1898, yet it was used to drill German forces and was equipped by the landwehr / landsturm (militia).

The Irish Volunteers imported 900 M/71 rifles in 1914 during what became known as the Howth gun-running episode. A smaller number came ashore at Kilcoole in County Wicklow (1,500 rifles were ‘imported’ in total). These firearms were financed by Irish Nationalist and Easter Rising combatant Michael O’Rahilly and were subsequently referred to as ‘Howth Mausers’ or ‘Howth Guns’.

Due to the weapon’s age, ammunition for it in Ireland was literally non-existent with a complete reliance on the ammunition stock imported with the rifles.. The powder cartridge, once fired, would give away the firer’s position in a cloud of white smoke. The obsolete 11mm cartridge utilised an all-lead bullet which would expand on impact creating a devastating wound; the use of these bullets had been outlawed in war by the 1899 Hague Convention and military forces had moved to non-expanding full metal jacket bullets. Despite these shortcomings, the M/71 was a fearsome weapon due to its caliber and large firing signature which gave the impression of a larger weapon than a rifle being fired at a target. The recoil of the M/71 was recalled by Thomas Walsh in his witness statement ‘…the butt hit me under the chin and knocked me out… I had received a good lesson and for the remainder of the scrap I remembered it was a ‘Howth gun’ I was dealing with!’ (BMH.WS0198 p17). However, the imparted recoil force from the Howth rifle is actually less than a Lee Enfield rifle and Walsh’s unfortunate injury indicates a low level of small arms training.



Mauser C96 Pistol

Maximum Effective Range: 150 m (164 yd)
Caliber: 7.63mm / 9mm (1915)

The C96 handgun, nicknamed the “broomhandle” (due to its grip) was a ten round, 7.63x25mm semi-automatic pistol produced by German arms manufacturer Mauser from 1896. The C96, due to its long barrel and grade of ammunition, had a superior range compared to other handguns of the time.

Initially overlooked by the German army in favour of the 9mm Parabellum Pistole, or Luger, the onset of war required the C96 to address weapon shortages. In 1915, the C96 was refitted to house the 9mm Parabellum round, leading to some 137,000 9mm C96’s produced. Known as a ‘red C96,’ the 9mm variant was denoted by a red number nine stamp on its handle. Both the Ottoman Empire and Austro-Hungarian armies utilised the C96 in the field, marking it as a relatively well-represented weapon in the Central Powers’ arsenal.

The Irish Volunteers referred to the weapon as ‘Peter the Painter’ after the underground figure of the same name who allegedly used one in the Siege of Sidney Street of 1911. Lieutenant Michael Malone, commanding officer for the Irish Volunteers at Mount Street Bridge, was armed with a 7.63mm C96. The use of a shoulder-stock which doubles as a holster for the pistol was first employed on the M1898 pistol carbine model.

Regarding Malone’s C96; ‘Lieutenant Malone was the crackshot of the 3rd Battalion with the Mauser automatic and in the main battle on Wednesday he wrought terrible havoc among the enemy with it.’ (James Grace, BMH.WS0310 p.7)



Webley Revolver

Maximum Effective Range: 46m (50 yds)
Caliber: .455 / 11.6mm

The Webley revolver was the standard sidearm for British and Commonwealth armed forces from 1887. A top break, double action, six round, .455” caliber revolver, the Webley replaced the older Enfield Revolvers. As the weapon was designed to evolve rather than be replaced, the British Army were to be equipped with the Mk V Webley upon the outbreak of WWI. Despite this, the most common model when the war began was the mk IV or Boer War model developed in 1899. By 1915 the Webley mk VI would become the standard sidearm for all branches of the British armed forces.

The Webley featured automatic extraction; opening the breach of the weapon would eject the spent casings, making it a relatively easy weapon to reload swiftly. The double action feature enabled the revolving cylinder of ammunition to cycle automatically via pulling the trigger rather than having to manually pull back the hammer.

The RIC were outfitted with the appropriately named Webley RIC in 1868, it being the first double action revolver developed by Webley. The RIC design was appropriated for the creation of the British Bull Dog revolver, itself manufactured up until 1917. It is possible that the Irish Volunteers outfitted themselves with these RIC revolvers alongside the more common mk IVs during the Easter Rising. Thomas Walsh’s witness statement mentions his use of a .45 revolver but unfortunately does not specify which type.



Smith and Wesson Revolver

Maximum Effective Range: ?
Caliber: .32 / 7.9mm

James Walsh is referred to throughout Thomas Walsh’s witness statement as using a .32 caliber revolver. This revolver could potentially belong to the Smith and Wesson Model 1903 .32 hand ejector series of revolvers. The M1903 went through five changes throughout the period between 1903 and 1917. As such, it is difficult to pinpoint which change Walsh’s handgun belongs to without seeing the weapon’s serial number. However, the variants all shared common characteristics.

The variants of M1903 were built upon the I or ‘i’ frame and were six round, double action, hand ejector revolvers. Differing from the Webley, which was top break operated, the M1903 required a user to manually eject the casings by swinging the revolving cylinder out on its hinge and pumping the ejector rod housed within. This design was intended to differentiate the Smith and Wesson brand from the top break revolvers of the time.

Irish Volunteers likely received these revolvers from sympathisers in the United States. Constance Markievicz was equipped with a Smith and Wesson .32 caliber revolver during the Easter Rising.



Lewis Gun

Effective Range: 800m (880 yds)
Maximum Range: 3200m (3500 yds)
Caliber: .303 / 7.7mm

The American-designed 1911 Lewis gun was one of the first light machine guns (LMG) ever designed. It entered service with the Belgian Army in September 1914 before being adopted by the British Army in 1915. Capable of firing 550 rounds a minute, the Lewis could be operated by a single user. More portable and easier to manufacture than the heavier Vickers machine gun, the Lewis was adopted for aerial, tank, and infantry use.

Air cooled and with its distinctive drum magazine resting atop the gun, the Lewis could chamber 47 or 97 British .303 rounds (used in the SMLE) and the Mauser 7.92mm rounds. As a result both German and British forces were well equipped with Lewis guns for use on the Western Front.

When the Sherwood Foresters departed Liverpool for Kingstown on Tuesday April 25, their Lewis guns were left behind due to a lack of room aboard the steamship Ulster. Their Lewis guns didn’t arrive until Thursday the 27th.  Interestingly, James Doyle in Clanwilliam House recounts that on that on Wednesday ‘…a machine gun opened up on our position. The sashes of the windows were cut to pieces. Reynold’s shouted “Keep well down, lads.”’ (BMH.WS0309 p.9) The volume of fire allowed the Sherwood Foresters to advance on Clanwilliam House and force out the Volunteers. This discrepancy in time suggests that some Lewis guns may have been brought over earlier than reported, that a Vickers heavy machine gun was active in the combat zone, or perhaps that the number of rifles firing on Clanwilliam house was akin to a machine gun.



No. 5 Mills Bomb

The standard hand grenade utilised by the British Armed forces in the First World War was the No. 5 pattern Mills Bomb. Based on the designs of Belgian captain Leon Roland, the Mills bomb was a percussion cap or time fused fragmentation grenade introduced in 1915. Designated grenadiers or “Bombers” were instructed to toss the device as one would bowl a cricket ball. A British bombing team consisted of about nine men broken down into throwers, carriers, bayonet men and “spare” men.

At the battle of Mount Street Bridge the Sherwood Foresters arrived from Liverpool without Mills bombs, just as they did without the Lewis guns. On the Wednesday, overwhelming suppressing fire allowed British bombers to get close to Clanwilliam house. As James Doyle recounts, shortly after the gunfire began to cut the sashes on the windows to pieces, ‘I heard a terrible explosion and almost the whole ceiling in the room fell down and I could see very little with dust and smoke…”I think the roof is on fire, Jim!”’ (p.10, BMH.WS0309)

What happens next matches the description of the British bombing party; ‘Suddenly, some soldiers (about 4) rushed out of the back door of the house to the garden I was in. They had their bayonets fixed on their rifles.’ (p.11) The method of clearing trenches on the Western Front was adapted for clearing buildings in an urban warzone.

8,995 thoughts on “Weapons

  1. Комфортные роды на теплом побережье Карибского моря с фирмой Cancun Bebe

    Фирма cancun-bebe.ru предоставляет вашей семейной паре необычную для российского рынка возможность: провести последние несколько месяцев беременности и родить ребенка в теплой солнечной Мексике.

    Многим нашим читателям такое решение может казаться чудным, но у него есть куча важных достоинств, о которых мы и хотим поговорить в этом материале – роды в мексике гражданство

  2. Subrogacion es muy popular en diferentes. La causa principal de eso es que una mujer se hace mama para hijo recien nacido despues su alubramiento. Un monton de esposas quiere ser una mami, pero algunas de ellas no tiene la posibilidad. Por esta razon en los ultimos anos un termino novedoso aparecio – vientre de alquiler.

    Cuando embarazo es medicamente imposible, hay solo una metodo para ser una madre. Esto es vientre de alquiler. En principio, en estos eventos se usa compensacion monetaria. Realmente, para buscar una chica saludable tiene que hallar clinica que ofrece este tipo de apoyo.

    Recomendamos usar estea el costo donacion de ovulos organizacion. En estea organizacion ucranianoa muchas personas de Estados Unidos, R.U y otras regiones se hacen madres subrogadas. Por la ley gestacion subrogada es licito. La legalidad y precio de gestacion subrogada son muy diversos. Depende de region, creencia, color de pelo, etc. En nuestrosas clinicas puedes tomar una decision sobre un tipo de subrogacion.

    Recomendamos a todos nuestros usuarios utilizar subrogacion tradicional. Pero nuestro servicio incluye tambien la gestacion subrogada. En loslas agencias de Feskov son indicaciones por vientre de alquiler. Cuando entra a nuestrosas clinicas situadosas en Ucrania – una parte de Feskov Human Reproduction Group, tiene un administrador. El gerente se consultara sobre cosas variables desde el comienzo hasta el final. Por lo general gestacion subrogada dura 9 meses.

    Despues el consultor elabora todos los papeles necesarios y Usted puede tomar al nino. Tambien, el gerente consulta su familia proximos meses. Si quiere obtener un nino, recomendamos ir alli mother-surrogate.com. Gerentes que trabajan alli son muy talentosos.

    Ellos contestaran a todas las cuestiones. Si necesita algun recomendacion, ellos se ayudaran. Tambien ellos proporcionaran documentos antes este proceso. En el sitio web Usted puede encontrar dato. En principio puede encontrar costas y servicios.

    Administradores pueden contestar en Ingles. Usted puede tomar decision por eso. Si podria obtener consultacion sobre maternidad subrogada como un proceso, profesor Feskov consejo para Usted.

  3. After reading your blog post I browsed your website a bit and noticed you aren’t ranking nearly as well in Google as you could be. If you are interested to rank on top of search engines, we can give you a free SEO consultation on https://bit.ly/2rxsYLt

  4. ПФР назвал возраст самого пожилого пенсионера в стране

    Самой пожилой пенсионерке России 128 лет, она проживает в Чеченской Республике.

    По данным Пенсионного фонда России, женщина родилась 1 июля 1889 года, передает RT.

    В конце марта Министерство здравоохранения сообщило о намерении увеличить среднюю продолжительность жизни россиян до 76 лет к 2024 году.

    7 мая президент России Владимир Путин поручил правительству обеспечить повышение средней продолжительности жизни в стране до 78 лет к 2024 году.

    Партнеры: У вас сложная финансовая ситуация? Срочно нужны деньги? Взять срочный займ вы можете на сайте – http://все-займы-тут.рф/срочные-займы-12-05-2018

  5. After reading your post, you have a great website with interesting content. But I think you can improve your current google ranks by using SEO website traffic net. My friend uses it and it works great. Just google it, it’s very nice tool to bring you a lot of new readers on a daily basis. Keep up the quality work!

  6. An interesting discussion is price comment. I think that it is best to write more on this subject, it might not be a taboo topic but usually people are not sufficient to talk on such topics. To the next. Cheers

  7. I want to show my appreciation to you for bailing me out of such a problem. As a result of checking through the internet and coming across strategies that were not pleasant, I thought my entire life was gone. Living devoid of the strategies to the difficulties you have solved by way of your short post is a crucial case, and those which could have in a negative way damaged my career if I had not noticed your blog post. Your own understanding and kindness in playing with all areas was very helpful. I am not sure what I would have done if I had not come upon such a point like this. I can also now look forward to my future. Thanks for your time very much for this skilled and sensible guide. I will not hesitate to suggest the blog to any individual who needs guidance about this subject.

  8. A lot of thanks for all your labor on this web site. My daughter really loves conducting investigations and it’s really obvious why. Most people know all of the lively method you provide simple tips and tricks via your website and therefore encourage response from other people on that area and my simple princess is truly being taught a lot of things. Have fun with the rest of the new year. You’re carrying out a first class job.

  9. Thank you so much for giving everyone an extraordinarily wonderful opportunity to check tips from this site. It really is so awesome and jam-packed with a good time for me personally and my office mates to search the blog at least 3 times every week to see the new guides you will have. And indeed, I’m so usually impressed concerning the extraordinary information you give. Certain two facts in this post are undoubtedly the most efficient I’ve ever had.

  10. I as well as my pals appeared to be taking note of the great tips and tricks found on your web blog and then before long I had a terrible feeling I had not thanked the web blog owner for those techniques. All the young boys had been totally stimulated to read through all of them and have in effect in reality been having fun with them. Thanks for simply being well kind and also for having this sort of important topics most people are really eager to understand about. My personal honest apologies for not expressing appreciation to earlier.

  11. I would like to express my gratitude for your generosity supporting men and women that must have help with in this issue. Your special commitment to getting the message all over had become really invaluable and has continually enabled individuals much like me to reach their endeavors. Your personal useful help and advice indicates so much to me and somewhat more to my fellow workers. Best wishes; from each one of us.

  12. Hi, I do believe this is an excellent site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I am going to revisit once again since I bookmarked
    it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to
    change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.

  13. Thanks so much for providing individuals with remarkably brilliant chance to check tips from here. It’s usually very amazing and stuffed with a good time for me and my office colleagues to search your website at the very least thrice a week to read the newest things you will have. Not to mention, I am just at all times fascinated concerning the beautiful principles served by you. Certain 1 points on this page are essentially the simplest I have had.

  14. I will right away grab your rss feed as I can’t in finding your e-mail subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service.

    Do you have any? Kindly let me understand in order that I may subscribe.

  15. I am commenting to make you be aware of what a outstanding experience my child went through using your site. She came to understand such a lot of issues, not to mention how it is like to have a wonderful teaching character to get many others without difficulty thoroughly grasp various impossible things. You truly exceeded her desires. Many thanks for providing such necessary, safe, explanatory and as well as fun tips about that topic to Jane.

  16. I have to convey my appreciation for your kind-heartedness giving support to individuals who absolutely need help on the matter. Your personal dedication to passing the message up and down appears to be amazingly advantageous and has surely permitted girls much like me to arrive at their goals. Your entire interesting information entails a lot to me and even further to my peers. Regards; from all of us.

  17. Ahaa, its nice discussion on the topic of this paragraph
    at this place at this website, I have read all that, so at this time me also commenting at this place.

  18. Howdy! This blog post could not be written much better!
    Looking at this article reminds me of my previous roommate!
    He always kept talking about this. I most certainly will send
    this information to him. Pretty sure he’s going to have a good read.
    I appreciate you for sharing!

  19. Great items from you, man. I have take into accout your stuff prior to and you are simply too fantastic. I actually like what you’ve got here, certainly like what you’re saying and the best way during which you assert it. You are making it enjoyable and you still take care of to stay it sensible. I can not wait to learn much more from you. That is really a tremendous website.

  20. It is the best time to make some plans for the long
    run and it is time to be happy. I have learn this post and if
    I could I desire to suggest you few attention-grabbing things or
    tips. Maybe you can write subsequent articles regarding this article.
    I desire to read even more things approximately it!

  21. Howdy just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your content seem to be running off
    the screen in Ie. I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with internet browser compatibility but
    I figured I’d post to let you know. The design and style look great though!
    Hope you get the issue solved soon. Many thanks

  22. hey there and thank you for your information –
    I’ve certainly picked up anything new from right here.
    I did however expertise a few technical issues using this website, since
    I experienced to reload the site a lot of times previous to I could
    get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK?
    Not that I’m complaining, but sluggish loading instances
    times will sometimes affect your placement in google and could damage your quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords.

    Well I’m adding this RSS to my email and could look out
    for much more of your respective exciting content. Make sure you update this
    again soon.

  23. Greetings from Colorado! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided to check out your blog on my iphone during
    lunch break. I enjoy the info you provide here and can’t wait to take
    a look when I get home. I’m shocked at how fast your
    blog loaded on my cell phone .. I’m not even using
    WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, fantastic blog!

  24. Hi would you mind letting me know which hosting company you’re working with?

    I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different browsers and I must say
    this blog loads a lot faster then most. Can you recommend a
    good hosting provider at a reasonable price?
    Thank you, I appreciate it!

  25. Thanks for the new things you have uncovered in your blog post. One thing I want to comment on is that FSBO connections are built over time. By launching yourself to the owners the first end of the week their FSBO is definitely announced, prior to masses commence calling on Friday, you develop a good network. By sending them methods, educational elements, free reports, and forms, you become the ally. By using a personal curiosity about them as well as their scenario, you produce a solid connection that, on most occasions, pays off as soon as the owners decide to go with an agent they know and trust – preferably you actually.

  26. Hi, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was just curious if
    you get a lot of spam responses? If so how do you prevent it,
    any plugin or anything you can recommend? I get so much lately it’s driving me mad so any help is very much appreciated.

  27. I have been surfing online more than 4 hours today, yet
    I never found any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me.
    In my opinion, if all webmasters and bloggers made good
    content as you did, the net will be much more useful than ever before.

  28. I have been surfing on-line more than three hours nowadays, but
    I by no means discovered any fascinating article like yours.
    It’s beautiful worth sufficient for me. Personally, if all webmasters and bloggers
    made good content material as you did, the
    web will be much more useful than ever before.

  29. I have been browsing online more than 3 hours today, yet I
    never found any interesting article like yours.
    It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all website owners and bloggers made good
    content as you did, the net will be much more useful than ever before.

  30. It is perfect time to make some plans for the future and it is
    time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you few interesting things
    or advice. Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article.
    I wish to read more things about it!

  31. Incredible update of captcha solution package “XRumer 16.0 + XEvil 4.0”:
    captchas solution of Google (ReCaptcha-2 and ReCaptcha-3), Facebook, BitFinex, Bing, Hotmail, SolveMedia, Yandex,
    and more than 8400 another categories of captcha,
    with highest precision (80..100%) and highest speed (100 img per second).
    You can use XEvil 4.0 with any most popular SEO/SMM programms: iMacros, XRumer, GSA SER, ZennoPoster, Srapebox, Senuke, and more than 100 of other software.

    Interested? There are a lot of demo videos about XEvil in YouTube.


    Good luck 😉


  32. [url=http://zvuk.in/forum/index.php?s=e844c39c485c448a48f00a09a54efd1c&showuser=161196]kimberlymackbeautystudio.com[/url]