To begin to come to an understanding of the ways the two disciplines shares concepts that might use different terminologies, the group explored key terms and arrived at the following working definitions:


Any type of addition to a document/text/object such as markup, tags, GIS marker, or metadata that augments understanding, transparency, interpretation, representation or reconstruction.


A state or an element of an object that cannot be fully resolved and that encourages thoughtful speculation.


Transparency is the condition through which the information and decisions involved in the creation of an object are made visible, open, and available for interrogation.


A model is a domain specific (depending on research questions) simplification of the complexity of characteristics/aspects/variables belonging to objects or/and processes. The application of a model creates a representation.


A representation stands in for the text/object. It can be of varying degrees of abstraction and can often follow stylistic or traditional conventions. Representations offer an interpretation of the original text/object by emphasizing specific features, details, or characteristics of that original.


Reconstruction, or retrodiction, is the process of creating material, a model or hypothetical artefact based on available evidence as its starting point.  Reconstruction will strive towards a finished product, but its power as a scholarly/creative process arguably lies in its ability to generate unexpected insights and questions, opportunities for collaboration, and for public and scholarly engagement.